To the Governor and Officers of the Bank of England
12th June 2020
Thank you for the opportunity to provide feedback on your Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) discussion paper.
We believe that a bearer of a unit of CBDC must have the capacity to destroy it.
Specifically, ‘to destroy’ means ‘to permanently remove a unit of currency from circulation’ such that – once destroyed – the bearer is no longer able to retrieve or access the value represented by the CBDC and there can be no future bearers of it.
Why do we think this is important?
The capacity for a unit of currency to be destroyed is the ‘gold standard’ in the creation of a currency. It is this feature of money that ensures the sovereignty of the bearer in relation to their ‘owned’ currency. It signifies that ‘we’ have dominion over ‘our’ money, rather than ‘it’ over ‘us’. Such a quality has always inhered within ‘material’ money; coins can be buried, lost or smelted, banknotes can be burned.
If a CBDC is to have all the features and functions of banknotes, it must include ‘the capacity to be destroyed by the will of its bearer’. This would distinguish a CBDC, from the e-money of Private Banks (which cannot be destroyed by account holders).
But who would want to destroy their own money and why would we include a feature that no-one would really want?
It is certainly true that the destruction of currency is anathema to the logic of finance and contrary to a ‘common sense’ view of our relations with money. However, such modes of thinking in no way capture the breadth of philosophical, theological, and metaphysical speculation expended on money over the last two millennia. A strictly economic view fails to account for money’s substantive and reflexive relations with our intellectual, emotional and spiritual lives; the ‘three functions’ are an inadequate description of its totality.
The question of who would want to destroy their money and why? should be turned on its head. Instead, we should ask (or rather The Bank must ask itself) Why design a currency in such a way that its bearers are forbidden from destroying it and what would the purpose of such a limitation be? Sovereignty lies – ultimately – in our capacity to destroy (or sacrifice) a thing, rather than our property rights to it. To create a CBDC that cannot be destroyed is to limit our potential for human liberty.
We would be very happy to contribute to the ongoing discussion and provide The Bank with the appropriate intellectual arguments to support the views outlined above.
It has always been possible for bearers to destroy ‘cryptocurrencies’ (or ‘cryptoassets’) built on Distributed Ledger Technology. This is achieved simply through the destruction of ‘private keys’. However such functionality is written into the design of a CBDC, its effect is essential to The Bank’s avowed aim of ‘promoting the good of the people of the United Kingdom’.
Mr Jonathan Harris BSc, MBG, Delivery Driver
Professor Nigel Dodd LSE Sociology, Author The Social Life of Money
Noam Yuran, PhD Senior Lecturer, Bar Ilan University, Author What Money Wants
Rachel O’Dwyer, PhD Lecturer, National College of Art & Design
Adam Stanton, PhD Lecturer, Keele University
Brett Scott Journalist, Activist, Author The Heretic’s Guide to Global Finance
Mark Sampson Director Iron Man Records
Myra Stuart Visual Artist, Researcher
Dolly Turing Writer, Artist
Mr Ben Graham Writer, Journalist
Mr Tim Dalling Musician, Performer
Ms Kate Alderton Actor, Dream Researcher
Robin Jennings Ministry of Justice
Ms Sarah Kershaw Musician, Performer
Ms Carrie Thompson Writer, Actor
Mr Chris Lincé Theatre Director, Writer
Ms Bernadette Martínez Hernández Personal Coach
Mr William Hurst Information Engineer
Mr William Griffin Experimental Ontologist
Mr John Constable Crossbones Graveyard Activist, Author The Southwark Mysteries
The Bank of England (BoE) is the UK’s central bank. The Bank’s mission is to deliver monetary and financial stability for the people of the United Kingdom.